Econ. Environ. Geol. 2002; 35(4): 325-337

Published online August 31, 2002

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Environmental effects from Natural Waters Contaminated with Acid Mine Drainage in the Abandoned Backun Mine Area

Seo-Ryeong Jeon, Jae-Il Chung and Dae-Hyun Kim

Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Korea

Correspondence to :

Seo-Ryeong Jeon

srjeon@hanmail.net

Received: April 24, 2002; Accepted: May 13, 2002

Abstract

We examined the contamination of stream water and stream sediments by heavy metal elements with respect to distance from the abandoned Backun Au-Ag-Cu mine. High contents of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd, Mn, and Fe) and aluminum in the waters connected with mining and associated deposits (dumps, tailings) reduce water quality. In the mining area, Ca and SO4 are predominant cation and anion. The mining water is Ca-SO4 type and is enriched in heavy metals resulted from the weathering of sulfide minerals. This mine drainage water is weakly acid or neutral (pH; 6.5~7.1) because of neutralizing effect by other alkali and alkaline earth elements. The effluent from the mine adit is also weakly acid or neutral, and contains elevated concentrations of most elements due to reactions with ore and gangue minerals in the deposit. The concentration of ions in the Backun mining water is high in the mine adit drainage water and steeply decreased award to down stream. Buffering process can be reasonably considered as a partial natural control of pollution, since the ion concentration becomes lower and the pH value becomes neutralized. In order to evaluate mobility and bioavailability of metals, sequential extraction was used for stream sediments into five operationally defined groups: exchangeable, bound to carbonates, bound to Fe-Mn oxide, bound to organic matter, and residual. The residual fraction was the most abundant pool for Cu(21~92%), Zn(28~89%) and Pb(23~94%). Almost sediments are low concentrated with Cd(2.7~52.8 mg/kg) than any other elements. But Cd dominate with non stable fraction (68~97%). Upper stream sediments are contaminated with Pb, and down area sediments are enriched with Zn. It is indicate high mobility of Zn and Cd.

Keywords acid mine drainage, stream water, stream sediments, heavy metals, sequential extraction

Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2002; 35(4): 325-337

Published online August 31, 2002

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Environmental effects from Natural Waters Contaminated with Acid Mine Drainage in the Abandoned Backun Mine Area

Seo-Ryeong Jeon, Jae-Il Chung and Dae-Hyun Kim

Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Korea

Correspondence to:

Seo-Ryeong Jeon

srjeon@hanmail.net

Received: April 24, 2002; Accepted: May 13, 2002

Abstract

We examined the contamination of stream water and stream sediments by heavy metal elements with respect to distance from the abandoned Backun Au-Ag-Cu mine. High contents of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd, Mn, and Fe) and aluminum in the waters connected with mining and associated deposits (dumps, tailings) reduce water quality. In the mining area, Ca and SO4 are predominant cation and anion. The mining water is Ca-SO4 type and is enriched in heavy metals resulted from the weathering of sulfide minerals. This mine drainage water is weakly acid or neutral (pH; 6.5~7.1) because of neutralizing effect by other alkali and alkaline earth elements. The effluent from the mine adit is also weakly acid or neutral, and contains elevated concentrations of most elements due to reactions with ore and gangue minerals in the deposit. The concentration of ions in the Backun mining water is high in the mine adit drainage water and steeply decreased award to down stream. Buffering process can be reasonably considered as a partial natural control of pollution, since the ion concentration becomes lower and the pH value becomes neutralized. In order to evaluate mobility and bioavailability of metals, sequential extraction was used for stream sediments into five operationally defined groups: exchangeable, bound to carbonates, bound to Fe-Mn oxide, bound to organic matter, and residual. The residual fraction was the most abundant pool for Cu(21~92%), Zn(28~89%) and Pb(23~94%). Almost sediments are low concentrated with Cd(2.7~52.8 mg/kg) than any other elements. But Cd dominate with non stable fraction (68~97%). Upper stream sediments are contaminated with Pb, and down area sediments are enriched with Zn. It is indicate high mobility of Zn and Cd.

Keywords acid mine drainage, stream water, stream sediments, heavy metals, sequential extraction

    KSEEG
    Apr 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.2, pp. 107~280

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