Econ. Environ. Geol. 2005; 38(6): 675-687

Published online December 31, 2005

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Deterioration Assessment for Conservation Sciences of the Five Storied Stone Pagoda in the Jeongrimsaji Temple Site, Buyeo, Korea

Yeong Taek Kim, Chan Hee Lee* and Myeong Seong Lee

Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation Sciences, Kongju National University, Kongju 314-701, Korea

Correspondence to :

Chan Hee Lee

chanlee@kongju.ac.kr

Received: July 28, 2005; Accepted: September 20, 2005

Abstract

The rocks of the five storied stone pagoda in the Jeongrimsaji temple site are 149 materials in total with porphyritic biotite granodiorite. They include pegmatite veinlet, basic xenolith and evenly developed plagioclase porphyry. This stone pagoda has comparably small fracture and cracks which are formed in the times of rock properties, but surface exfoliation and granular decomposition are in process actively since the rocks are generally weakened from the influence of air contaminants and acid rain. Structural instability of constituting rocks in the 4th roof materials are observed to occur from distortion and tilt. Such instability is judged to threat stability of the upper part of the stone pagoda. Also, chemical weathering is operating even more as the contaminants, ferro-manganese hydroxides eluted from water-rock interaction on the rock surface. Most of the rock surface is covered with yellowish brown, dark black and light gray contaminants, and especially occur in the lower part of the roof rocks on each floor. The roof underpinning rocks are severe in surface pigmentation from manganese hydroxides and light gray contaminants. The surface of rocks lives bacteria, algae, lichen, or moss and diverse productions in colors of light gray, dark gray and dark green. Grayish white crustose lichen grows thick on the surface with darkly discolored by fungi and algae in the first stage on basement rocks, and weeds grows wild on the upper part of each roof rocks. This stone pagoda must closely observe the movements of the upper part rock materials through minute safety diagnosis and long term monitoring for structural stability. Especially since the surface discoloration of rocks and pigmentation of secondary contaminants are severe, establishment of general restoration and scientific conservation treatment are necessary through more detailed study for this stone pagoda.

Keywords porphyritic granodiorite, surface exfoliation, surface contaminants, crustose lichen, conservation scheme

Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2005; 38(6): 675-687

Published online December 31, 2005

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Deterioration Assessment for Conservation Sciences of the Five Storied Stone Pagoda in the Jeongrimsaji Temple Site, Buyeo, Korea

Yeong Taek Kim, Chan Hee Lee* and Myeong Seong Lee

Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation Sciences, Kongju National University, Kongju 314-701, Korea

Correspondence to:

Chan Hee Lee

chanlee@kongju.ac.kr

Received: July 28, 2005; Accepted: September 20, 2005

Abstract

The rocks of the five storied stone pagoda in the Jeongrimsaji temple site are 149 materials in total with porphyritic biotite granodiorite. They include pegmatite veinlet, basic xenolith and evenly developed plagioclase porphyry. This stone pagoda has comparably small fracture and cracks which are formed in the times of rock properties, but surface exfoliation and granular decomposition are in process actively since the rocks are generally weakened from the influence of air contaminants and acid rain. Structural instability of constituting rocks in the 4th roof materials are observed to occur from distortion and tilt. Such instability is judged to threat stability of the upper part of the stone pagoda. Also, chemical weathering is operating even more as the contaminants, ferro-manganese hydroxides eluted from water-rock interaction on the rock surface. Most of the rock surface is covered with yellowish brown, dark black and light gray contaminants, and especially occur in the lower part of the roof rocks on each floor. The roof underpinning rocks are severe in surface pigmentation from manganese hydroxides and light gray contaminants. The surface of rocks lives bacteria, algae, lichen, or moss and diverse productions in colors of light gray, dark gray and dark green. Grayish white crustose lichen grows thick on the surface with darkly discolored by fungi and algae in the first stage on basement rocks, and weeds grows wild on the upper part of each roof rocks. This stone pagoda must closely observe the movements of the upper part rock materials through minute safety diagnosis and long term monitoring for structural stability. Especially since the surface discoloration of rocks and pigmentation of secondary contaminants are severe, establishment of general restoration and scientific conservation treatment are necessary through more detailed study for this stone pagoda.

Keywords porphyritic granodiorite, surface exfoliation, surface contaminants, crustose lichen, conservation scheme

    KSEEG
    Feb 29, 2024 Vol.57 No.1, pp. 1~91

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