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Econ. Environ. Geol. 2023; 56(1): 87-101

Published online February 28, 2023

https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2023.56.1.87

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Aggregate of Korea in 2021

Sei Sun Hong, Jin Young Lee*

Quaternary Environment Research Center, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, 124 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34132, Korea

Correspondence to : *jylee@kigam.re.kr

Received: January 27, 2023; Revised: February 22, 2023; Accepted: February 22, 2023

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this study identifies the production of aggregate every year, and is to understand the supply and demend prospects. In 2021, the total of 135 million m3 of of aggregates was produced in Korea, a slightly increase from the total production of 2020. Of these, about 47 million m3 of sand and about 88 million m3 of gravel were produced. About 46% of total quantity of aggregates were produced with permission and the rest were aggregates produced after declaration. It estimated that of the 135 million m3 of aggregates in Korea in 2020, about 49.6% was produced by screening crushed aggregate, by 36.8% by forest aggregate, 2.6% by land aggregate, 6.8% by sea aggregate and 2.6% by washing each other, and 0.2% by river aggregate. This indicates that screening crushed aggregate and forest aggregate are the main product as in 2021. Leading producing metropolitan governments were Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Incheon, Gyeongsangnam-do, Chungcheongbuk-do, Gangwon-do, Jeollanam-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do in order decreasing volume. In 2021, aggregates were produced in 148 local governments, and The 10 leading producing local governments were, in descending order of volume, Hwaseong, Ongjin, Paju, Pocheon, Gwangju, Youngin, Cheongju, Gimhae, Anseong, west EEZ. The combined production of the 10 leading local governments accounted for 30% of the national total, and. 47 local governments have produced aggregates of more than 1 million m3 each other. In 148 local governments that produced aggregate, a total of 805 active operations produced aggregate with 372 operations by river, land and forest aggregate, 433 operations by selective crushed and washing aggregate.

Keywords sand, gravel, forest aggregate, crushed aggregate land aggregate, river aggregate

2021년도 국내 골재 수급 분석

홍세선 · 이진영*

한국지질자원연구원 제4기환경연구센터

요 약

이 연구는 매년 국내 골재의 수요공급이 어떠한 형태로, 얼마만한 양으로 이루어지며, 이에 따라 향후 수급에 대한 전망을 파악하는데 있다. 2021년 국내 골재 총 채취량은 약 1억 3,574만㎥이며, 이 중 모래는 약 4,726만㎥ (35%), 자갈은 약 8,848만㎥(65%) 채취되었으며, 허가채취는 약 6,298만㎥(46%), 신고채취는 약 7,276만㎥(54%)이다. 골재원별로 보면 하천골재 약 38만㎥, 육상골재 약 348만㎥, 산림골재 약 4,990만㎥, 바다골재 약 922만㎥, 선별파쇄 약 6,736만㎥, 선별세척 약 355만㎥, 그리고 기타신고골재가 약 185만㎥로 선별파쇄골재와 산림골재가 전체 채취량의 약 86%를 차지하고 있다. 광역시도에서는 경기도가 골재를 가장 많이 채취하였으며, 그 다음으로 충청남도, 인천광역시, 경상남도, 충청북도, 강원도, 전라남도, 경상북도의 순이다. 2021년에는 231개 시군구의 약 64%인 148개 시군구에서 골재를 채취하였다. 100만㎥ 이상의 골재를 채취한 시군구는 48개이며, 이들 시군구에서는 전국 채취량의 74%인 약 1억 82만㎥를 채취하였다. 2021년도에는 약 1,000개소 정도의 채취장이 운영되었으나 실제 골재를 채취한 채취장은 약 805개소이다. 선별파쇄가 약 377개소로 가장 많으며, 산림골재는 192개소, 육상골재는 139개소 내외이다. 100만㎥ 이상을 채취한 채취장은 15개소이며, 1만㎥ 미만의 소규모 채취장도 약 85개소이다. 약 372여개의 허가채취장에서 허가기간은 최장 32년에서 최소 2개월이며, 허가기간이 10년 이상인 채취장은 100개소이다. 그러나 2023년 이후 채취가능한 채취장이 약 40%이며, 2021년 수준의 골재 허가채취물량을 유지하기 위해서는 매년 최소한 100개소 이상의 채취장에 대해 허가연장, 신규허가가 필요할 것이다.

주요어 모래, 자갈, 산림골재, 선별파쇄골재, 육상골재, 하천골재

Article

Research Paper

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2023; 56(1): 87-101

Published online February 28, 2023 https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2023.56.1.87

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Aggregate of Korea in 2021

Sei Sun Hong, Jin Young Lee*

Quaternary Environment Research Center, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, 124 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34132, Korea

Correspondence to:*jylee@kigam.re.kr

Received: January 27, 2023; Revised: February 22, 2023; Accepted: February 22, 2023

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this study identifies the production of aggregate every year, and is to understand the supply and demend prospects. In 2021, the total of 135 million m3 of of aggregates was produced in Korea, a slightly increase from the total production of 2020. Of these, about 47 million m3 of sand and about 88 million m3 of gravel were produced. About 46% of total quantity of aggregates were produced with permission and the rest were aggregates produced after declaration. It estimated that of the 135 million m3 of aggregates in Korea in 2020, about 49.6% was produced by screening crushed aggregate, by 36.8% by forest aggregate, 2.6% by land aggregate, 6.8% by sea aggregate and 2.6% by washing each other, and 0.2% by river aggregate. This indicates that screening crushed aggregate and forest aggregate are the main product as in 2021. Leading producing metropolitan governments were Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Incheon, Gyeongsangnam-do, Chungcheongbuk-do, Gangwon-do, Jeollanam-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do in order decreasing volume. In 2021, aggregates were produced in 148 local governments, and The 10 leading producing local governments were, in descending order of volume, Hwaseong, Ongjin, Paju, Pocheon, Gwangju, Youngin, Cheongju, Gimhae, Anseong, west EEZ. The combined production of the 10 leading local governments accounted for 30% of the national total, and. 47 local governments have produced aggregates of more than 1 million m3 each other. In 148 local governments that produced aggregate, a total of 805 active operations produced aggregate with 372 operations by river, land and forest aggregate, 433 operations by selective crushed and washing aggregate.

Keywords sand, gravel, forest aggregate, crushed aggregate land aggregate, river aggregate

2021년도 국내 골재 수급 분석

홍세선 · 이진영*

한국지질자원연구원 제4기환경연구센터

Received: January 27, 2023; Revised: February 22, 2023; Accepted: February 22, 2023

요 약

이 연구는 매년 국내 골재의 수요공급이 어떠한 형태로, 얼마만한 양으로 이루어지며, 이에 따라 향후 수급에 대한 전망을 파악하는데 있다. 2021년 국내 골재 총 채취량은 약 1억 3,574만㎥이며, 이 중 모래는 약 4,726만㎥ (35%), 자갈은 약 8,848만㎥(65%) 채취되었으며, 허가채취는 약 6,298만㎥(46%), 신고채취는 약 7,276만㎥(54%)이다. 골재원별로 보면 하천골재 약 38만㎥, 육상골재 약 348만㎥, 산림골재 약 4,990만㎥, 바다골재 약 922만㎥, 선별파쇄 약 6,736만㎥, 선별세척 약 355만㎥, 그리고 기타신고골재가 약 185만㎥로 선별파쇄골재와 산림골재가 전체 채취량의 약 86%를 차지하고 있다. 광역시도에서는 경기도가 골재를 가장 많이 채취하였으며, 그 다음으로 충청남도, 인천광역시, 경상남도, 충청북도, 강원도, 전라남도, 경상북도의 순이다. 2021년에는 231개 시군구의 약 64%인 148개 시군구에서 골재를 채취하였다. 100만㎥ 이상의 골재를 채취한 시군구는 48개이며, 이들 시군구에서는 전국 채취량의 74%인 약 1억 82만㎥를 채취하였다. 2021년도에는 약 1,000개소 정도의 채취장이 운영되었으나 실제 골재를 채취한 채취장은 약 805개소이다. 선별파쇄가 약 377개소로 가장 많으며, 산림골재는 192개소, 육상골재는 139개소 내외이다. 100만㎥ 이상을 채취한 채취장은 15개소이며, 1만㎥ 미만의 소규모 채취장도 약 85개소이다. 약 372여개의 허가채취장에서 허가기간은 최장 32년에서 최소 2개월이며, 허가기간이 10년 이상인 채취장은 100개소이다. 그러나 2023년 이후 채취가능한 채취장이 약 40%이며, 2021년 수준의 골재 허가채취물량을 유지하기 위해서는 매년 최소한 100개소 이상의 채취장에 대해 허가연장, 신규허가가 필요할 것이다.

주요어 모래, 자갈, 산림골재, 선별파쇄골재, 육상골재, 하천골재

    Fig 1.

    Figure 1.The aggregate production in Korea. (A) production rate of permission and declaration, and (B) sand and gravel.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2023; 56: 87-101https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2023.56.1.87

    Fig 2.

    Figure 2.The aggregate production in Korea, by type and source. (A) by sources, (B) production rate of sand by sources, (C) production rate of gravel by sources.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2023; 56: 87-101https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2023.56.1.87

    Fig 3.

    Figure 3.The distribution map of production of aggregate in Korea. (A) total production, (B) sand, (C) gravel, (D) river, (E) land, (F) marine, (G) forest, (H) crushed, (I) washing.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2023; 56: 87-101https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2023.56.1.87

    Fig 4.

    Figure 4.The comparison of number of local government and quantity of aggregate by size of operation.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2023; 56: 87-101https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2023.56.1.87

    Fig 5.

    Figure 5.The comparison of number of operation and quantity of aggregate by size of operation.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2023; 56: 87-101https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2023.56.1.87

    Fig 6.

    Figure 6.Distribution map of active operations. (A) aggregate type, (B)aggregate source, (C) permission and declaration, (D) quantity of aggregate.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2023; 56: 87-101https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2023.56.1.87

    Table 1 . The aggregate production in Korea in 2021, by provinces, by aggregate sources (unit : thousand ㎥).

    PermissionDeclarationTotal
    RiverLandForestMarineRiverLandForestMarineCrushedWashing
    Seoul00000000000
    Incheon006645,58000004,05878611,088
    Gyeonggi-do02726,0470000035,87048242,671
    Gangwon-do269116,64600107102,713010,377
    Chungcheongbuk-do02665,834000004,536010,636
    Daejeon00000000000
    Sejong01933000001,61801,670
    Chungcheongnam-do01896,13598900005,03342612,772
    Jeollabuk-do03835,314000001,07506,772
    Gwangju00000000000
    Jeollanam-do05276,15100001942,1261199,117
    Daegu000000004210421
    Gyeongsangbuk-do3527863,970000002,57707,685
    Busan000000002,5099113,420
    Ulsan002,306000307153233,347
    Gyeongsangnam-do0256,289001147966643,46020311,551
    Jeju-do0107509000006452991,560
    EEZ0002,6540000002,654
    Total3783,48549,8989,223012487085867,3563,549135,741

    Table 2 . The local governments produced aggregate in 2021.

    No. of local governmentsTotal ExtractionPermission onlyDeclaration onlyPermission&DeclarationSand onlyGravel onlySand & GravelRiverLandForestMarineCrushedWashingOthers
    Seoul(25)00000000000000
    Incheon(10)62401140011420
    Daejeon(5)00000000000000
    Gwangju(5)00000000000000
    Daegu(8)40400310000400
    Busan(16)70702320000530
    Ulsan(5)30310120010321
    Sejong(1)10010010110110
    Gyeonggi-do(31)201154002001401910
    Gangwon-do(18)15456031217501003
    Chungcheongnam-do(15)1324713902711020
    Chungcheongbukdo(11)92431350350700
    Jeollabuk-do(14)95042340380400
    Jeollanam-do(22)19838478071301031
    Gyeongsangbukdo(23)21911162132121401200
    Gyeongsangnamdo(18)18459099011301334
    Jeju-do(2)20020020220220
    Sum147375556173892339742104199

    Table 3 . The leading producing local governments in 2021.

    RiverLandForestMarineCrushedWashingSandGravelProduction of Aggregate
    1GumiGoseong (Gangwon)PajuOngjin (Incheon)HwaseongSaha-gu (Busan)Ongjin (Incheon)HwaseongHwaseong
    2UiseongYangpyeongGimhaeWest EEZGwangjuJung-gu (Incheon)PajuOngjin (Incheon)
    3PyeongchangHampyeongUlju (Ulsan)TaeanYonginPyeongtakPocheonPocheonPaju
    4GyeongjuYeoncheonPocheonSeosanAnseongCheongjuPocheon
    5GochangWonjuAnseongSeo-gu (Incheon)GwangjuYonginGwangju
    6GangreungCheongjuPajuNam-gu (Busan)HoengseongUlju (Ulsan)Yongin
    7ChungjuJincheonSeo-gu (Incheon)Nam-gu (Ulsan)YonginGwangjuCheongju
    8CheonanHongcheonGoyangJejuYangjuSeo-gu (Incheon)Gimhae
    9YecheonGongjuNamyangjuUlju (Ulsan)GongjuWonjuAnseong
    10SangjuChungjuYangjuGoheungGimhaeAsanWest EEZ
    11YeonggwangGunsanAsanSeoguipoYeojuGimhaeUlju (Ulsan)
    12JangsooHoengseongSejongSeo-gu (Busan)HwaseongChungjuSeo-gu (Incheon)
    13YangyangHongseongEumseongTongyeongTaeanYeoncehonYeoncheon
    14AndongPocheonYesanSacheonPajuHongcheonJincheon
    15HwasunChuncheonCheongjuGeojeIcheonJincheonGoyang
    16JejuNajuGimpoGwangyangCheongjuGunsanAsan
    17GimcheonHamanUijeongbuYeosuGijang-gun (Busan)GoyangWonju
    18CheongjuHwasunGijang-gun (Busan)YesanNamyangjuHongseongNamyangju
    19NamwonJangseongYeojuSejongNajuYangju
    20ChuncheonSeosanIcheonYeoncheonYangsanChungju

    Table 4 . The active operations by aggregate source and provinces, 2021.

    ProvinceAggregate sourcePermissionDeclarationTotal
    RiverLandForestMarineLandForestMarineCrushedWashing
    Seoul0000000000
    Incheon0011500013332
    Gyeonggi-do02800001231134
    Gangwon-do73514021026085
    Chungcheongbuk-do01318000036067
    Daejeon0000000000
    Sejong01100008010
    Chungcheongnam-do0620300031262
    Jeollabuk-do01026000018054
    Gwangju0000000000
    Jeollanam-do01826000117466
    Daegu0000000606
    Gyeongsangbuk-do250300000380120
    Busan000000016420
    Ulsan00700103213
    Gyeongsangnam-do01320425341189
    Jeju-do039000081333
    EEZ of South Sea0000000000
    EEZ of West Sea000140000014
    Total91391923264637740805

    Table 5 . Aggregate production in Korea in 2021, by aggregate sources and local governments. (production : thousand ㎥).

    Size range (thousand ㎥)RiverLandForestMarineCrushedWashingPermissionDeclarationSandGravelTotal production
    No. of local govern.ProductionNo. of local govern.ProductionNo. of local govern.ProductionNo. of local govern.ProductionNo. of local govern.ProductionNo. of local govern.ProductionNo. of local govern.QuantitiesNo. of local govern.QuantitiesNo. of local govern.QuantitiesNo. of local govern.QuantitiesNo. of local govern.Quantities
    ≤100052114001331952329841320415
    >10~≤501261433131130012294006177112671235091799215
    >50~≤100171862953600085605388639464571179985525378
    >100~≤2000071,016121,78300202,9832214141,989243,635243,557202,990172,571
    >200~≤3001281497681,98400163,7694971102,542173,963153,758143,379215,368
    >300~≤400000082,7220051,79400113,80951,79451,690113,88782,890
    >400~≤500000052,3410041,76131,40141,83352,31041,79752,20452,352
    >500~≤60000151231,64700116,046155663,25184,32684,480105,462137,087
    >600~≤700000031,9530031,9340031,97331,93442,63653,22653,232
    >700~≤800000032,1510021,5150021,41043,03521,54296,69453,697
    >800~≤900000021,6890021,6700021,68921,70721,73343,41054,240
    >900~≤1,000000021,9291989000032,9210032,86176,65843,877
    >1,000~≤1,500000089,7860067,70600910,981810,20478,497910,3991720,704
    >1,500~≤2,0000000610,2020058,4970058,491610,00335,290813,6761220,270
    >2,000~≤2,5000000511,2340048,68000613,26748,96900511,243817,914
    >2,500~≤5,00000000012,654413,6950012,654413,69512,65439,064828,902
    >5,00000000015,58016,4490015,58016,44915,58015,433212,029
    Total3378393,4857449,89839,22310467,356183,5499462,98411072,75711047,26513088,476148135,741

    Table 6 . Aggregate production in Korea in 2021, by aggregate sources and active operations. (production : thousand ㎥).

    Size range (thousand ㎥)RiverLandForestMarineCrushedWashingPermissionDeclarationSandGravelTotal production
    No. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProductionNo. of operationsProduction
    ≤10726432391260001810112826232633196804404221595521
    >10~≤5000771,747341,108357862,322153861142,9121062,8871463,5901002,9392205,759
    >50~≤100171161,051251,851160765,4883243433,033835,980725,046815,9651269,063
    >100~≤200002207517,00545849313,7642246577,7969714,316598,67513118,60015422,112
    >200~≤30012811241184,32951,2174210,48051,327256,0684711,807348,5415012,0967217,875
    >300~≤4000000134,552176,303196,61013613010,855206,971269,3843211,0325017,826
    >400~≤500000094,1481414125,4471904104,562156,754114,970209,1512511,316
    >500~≤600000052,7091588137,0430063,297137,04331,65994,8941910,340
    >600~≤700000064,0080074,4640064,00874,46421,24996,002138,472
    >700~≤800000021,4230042,9680021,42353,7100053,74175,133
    >800~≤900000043,35500000043,3551981000043,355
    >900~≤1,000000043,8490019810043,84956,164197421,88554,830
    >1,000~≤1,500000078,2310056,1640078,23111,52422,73788,6861214,395
    >1,500~≤2,000000023,2700011,5240023,270000023,27034,794
    Total93781393,48519249,898329,22337767,356393,54937262,98443372,75743647,26549388,476805135,741

    Table 7 . The number of operation by permitted period, and by remaining period from 2021.

    Permitted periodRemaining period from 2022
    YearRiverLandForestSumLandForestSum
    ≤1748156Closed 20214460104
    >1~≤2060262Closed 2022385694
    >2~≤3016723Closed 2023332053
    >3~≤40549Closed 202415116
    >4~≤5091120Closed 202523225
    >5~≤61089Closed 202618018
    >6~≤70077Closed 2027808
    >7~≤8011112Closed 2028505
    >8~≤9002222Closed 2029404
    >9~≤10104950Closed 2030202
    >10~≤15003333
    >15~≤20002525
    >20001212
    9139192340

    KSEEG
    Jun 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.3, pp. 281~352

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