Research Paper

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Econ. Environ. Geol. 2022; 55(1): 19-27

Published online February 28, 2022

https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2022.55.1.19

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Studies on Heavy Metal Characteristics by Part of Fish in Upper Region of Nakdong River

Hee Won Kwon1, Young Hun Kim1, Jeong Jin Kim2,*

1Department of Environmental Engineering, Andong National University, Andong 36729, Korea
2Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Andong National University, Andong 36729, Korea

Correspondence to : *Corresponding author : jjkim@andong.ac.kr

Received: January 11, 2022; Revised: February 18, 2022; Accepted: February 20, 2022

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Fish that inhabited in the watersheds of Andong, Imha and Yeongju Dam in the upper Nakdong River were analyzed heavy metals by separated into muscle, gill, stomach and liver part. Thirteen fish species such as dark chub, skygager, coreoperca herzi, Korean piscivorous chub, cornet fish, Japan crucian carp, catfish, bass, crucian carp, mandarin fish, carp, long-nosed barbel, Korean sharpbelly were analyzed using ICP/MS. The results of the analysis based on the overall average concentration showed that the muscle part is lower than other parts in all heavy metal items except mercury. The gill part showed high concentrations of chromium, manganese, nickel, and lead, the stomach part has high zinc, and the liver part showed high concentrations of iron, copper, arsenic, and cadmium.

Keywords Nakdong river, fish, heavy metal, muscle, gill

낙동강 상류 서식 어류의 부위별 중금속 분포 특성

권희원1 · 김영훈1 · 김정진2,*

1안동대학교 환경공학과
2안동대학교 지구환경과학과

요 약

낙동강 상류지역의 안동댐, 임하댐, 영주댐 유역에 서식하는 물고기에 대하여 근육부, 아가미, 위, 간 부위로 분리하여 중금속분석을 수행하였다. 분석한 물고기는 갈겨니(dark chub), 강준치(skygager), 꺽지(coreoperca herzi), 끄리(Korean piscivorous chub), 누치(cornet fish), 떡붕어(Japan crucian carp), 메기(catfish), 배스(bass), 붕어(crucian carp), 쏘가리(mandarin fish), 잉어(carp), 참마자(long-nosed barbel), 치리(Korean sharpbelly) 등 13개 어종으로 ICP/MS를 이용하여 분석하였다. 분석 결과 전체 평균 농도를 기준으로 근육부는 수은을 제외한 모든 중금속 항목에서 다른 부위에 비해 낮았다. 아가미 부위는 크롬, 망간, 니켈, 납, 위 부위는 아연, 간 부위는 철, 구리, 비소, 카드뮴이 다른 금속에 비해 높은 농도값을 나타내었다.

주요어 낙동강, 물고기, 중금속, 근육부, 아가미

Article

Research Paper

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2022; 55(1): 19-27

Published online February 28, 2022 https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2022.55.1.19

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Studies on Heavy Metal Characteristics by Part of Fish in Upper Region of Nakdong River

Hee Won Kwon1, Young Hun Kim1, Jeong Jin Kim2,*

1Department of Environmental Engineering, Andong National University, Andong 36729, Korea
2Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Andong National University, Andong 36729, Korea

Correspondence to:*Corresponding author : jjkim@andong.ac.kr

Received: January 11, 2022; Revised: February 18, 2022; Accepted: February 20, 2022

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Fish that inhabited in the watersheds of Andong, Imha and Yeongju Dam in the upper Nakdong River were analyzed heavy metals by separated into muscle, gill, stomach and liver part. Thirteen fish species such as dark chub, skygager, coreoperca herzi, Korean piscivorous chub, cornet fish, Japan crucian carp, catfish, bass, crucian carp, mandarin fish, carp, long-nosed barbel, Korean sharpbelly were analyzed using ICP/MS. The results of the analysis based on the overall average concentration showed that the muscle part is lower than other parts in all heavy metal items except mercury. The gill part showed high concentrations of chromium, manganese, nickel, and lead, the stomach part has high zinc, and the liver part showed high concentrations of iron, copper, arsenic, and cadmium.

Keywords Nakdong river, fish, heavy metal, muscle, gill

낙동강 상류 서식 어류의 부위별 중금속 분포 특성

권희원1 · 김영훈1 · 김정진2,*

1안동대학교 환경공학과
2안동대학교 지구환경과학과

Received: January 11, 2022; Revised: February 18, 2022; Accepted: February 20, 2022

요 약

낙동강 상류지역의 안동댐, 임하댐, 영주댐 유역에 서식하는 물고기에 대하여 근육부, 아가미, 위, 간 부위로 분리하여 중금속분석을 수행하였다. 분석한 물고기는 갈겨니(dark chub), 강준치(skygager), 꺽지(coreoperca herzi), 끄리(Korean piscivorous chub), 누치(cornet fish), 떡붕어(Japan crucian carp), 메기(catfish), 배스(bass), 붕어(crucian carp), 쏘가리(mandarin fish), 잉어(carp), 참마자(long-nosed barbel), 치리(Korean sharpbelly) 등 13개 어종으로 ICP/MS를 이용하여 분석하였다. 분석 결과 전체 평균 농도를 기준으로 근육부는 수은을 제외한 모든 중금속 항목에서 다른 부위에 비해 낮았다. 아가미 부위는 크롬, 망간, 니켈, 납, 위 부위는 아연, 간 부위는 철, 구리, 비소, 카드뮴이 다른 금속에 비해 높은 농도값을 나타내었다.

주요어 낙동강, 물고기, 중금속, 근육부, 아가미

    Fig 1.

    Figure 1.Sampling site in Andong, Imha and Youngju dam basin area.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2022; 55: 19-27https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2022.55.1.19

    Fig 2.

    Figure 2.Heavy metal concentration by each part of all fish.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2022; 55: 19-27https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2022.55.1.19

    Fig 3.

    Figure 3.Average heavy metal concentration by each part of whole fish.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2022; 55: 19-27https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2022.55.1.19

    Fig 4.

    Figure 4.Average heavy metal concentration by each part of omnivores and carnivores fish.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2022; 55: 19-27https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2022.55.1.19

    Table 1 . Fish species of analysis for each part (13 fish species 36 specimens).

    Fish speciesSite-AD-01Site-AD-02Site-AD-03Site-AD-04Site-AD-05Site-AD-06Site-IH-01Site-YJ-01Total number of samples
    Dark chub11114
    Skygager1113
    Coreoperca herzi112
    Korean piscivorous chub11
    Cornet fish112
    Japan crucian carp22
    Catfish1113
    Bass2114
    Crucian carp222219
    Mandarin fish11
    Carp22
    Long-nosed barbel11
    Korean sharpbelly112
    Total number of samples23452107336

    Table 2 . Average value of chemical analysis for each part of muscle, gill, stomach, Liver.

    Fish speciesPart of fishCr (mg/kg)Mn (mg/kg)Fe (mg/kg)Ni (mg/kg)Cu (mg/kg)Zn (mg/kg)As (mg/kg)Cd (mg/kg)Hg (mg/kg)Pb (mg/kg)Diet type
    Dark chubMuscle0.060.246.110.020.5131.010.180.050.110.10Omnivores
    Gill0.247.2728.410.050.9966.730.160.880.080.79
    Stomach0.176.0171.940.325.8991.430.841.160.040.80
    Liver0.1416.8893.240.302.88150.441.582.230.091.29
    SkygagerMuscle0.020.3912.110.010.9115.420.300.030.470.19Carnivores
    Gill0.174.7970.160.050.4017.420.130.010.130.73
    Stomach0.050.9051.000.021.6021.470.190.020.350.17
    Liver0.031.19450.850.0210.8520.720.250.120.400.15
    Coreoperca herziMuscle0.030.082.220.070.2016.140.080.010.020.03Carnivores
    Gill1.181.0557.400.570.4317.390.010.980.030.22
    Stomach0.121.8139.400.040.9519.310.060.400.030.12
    Liver0.020.88107.960.041.2922.760.166.830.040.10
    Korean piscivorous chubMuscle0.020.173.570.010.3919.020.100.010.050.02Carnivores
    Gill0.671.8329.080.810.5833.100.120.210.040.11
    Stomach0.172.5647.900.113.0325.200.270.530.040.10
    Liver0.011.07143.040.0112.3520.040.430.410.010.28
    Cornet fishMuscle0.020.111.880.010.1613.810.060.010.230.05Carnivores
    Gill0.613.3568.370.310.4920.190.110.140.030.32
    Stomach0.130.9333.530.061.6818.620.260.540.110.16
    Liver0.051.37160.750.165.4520.550.111.180.120.21
    Japan crucian carpMuscle0.030.486.200.010.3817.020.210.060.260.20Omnivores
    Gill0.064.3957.720.021.1464.980.150.220.040.48
    Stomach0.372.2875.830.2217.45223.690.597.410.160.41
    Liver0.032.88550.230.0631.6460.710.5710.030.180.63
    CatfishMuscle0.070.162.760.010.2721.010.090.010.070.02Carnivores
    Gill0.617.6232.060.150.3738.580.090.310.040.73
    Stomach0.060.8412.510.020.5920.330.070.160.020.07
    Liver0.031.69141.180.011.3320.760.061.210.020.14
    BassMuscle0.090.082.570.010.1815.260.110.010.380.01Carnivores
    Gill0.372.3846.830.010.3915.310.120.040.090.10
    Stomach0.120.7112.100.010.8918.260.100.050.140.07
    Liver0.081.76196.960.025.3126.230.180.140.290.08
    Crucian carpMuscle0.070.253.270.010.2214.600.210.010.120.07Omnivores
    Gill0.265.1757.820.110.5642.310.170.230.020.58
    Stomach0.156.0695.140.257.15238.200.452.980.080.67
    Liver0.053.88284.020.178.4059.720.452.260.061.04
    Mandarin fishMuscle0.140.112.330.280.1410.860.110.010.800.04Carnivores
    Gill0.370.3845.340.040.3411.610.180.010.180.08
    Stomach0.270.4223.540.011.3820.860.100.010.270.04
    Liver0.161.46326.080.013.7519.360.370.061.190.04
    CarpMuscle0.200.153.450.020.1917.390.280.010.120.02Omnivores
    Gill0.133.5864.700.010.6281.250.120.010.030.17
    Stomach0.070.9089.290.021.75295.110.210.260.070.11
    Liver0.020.41282.650.010.9149.080.180.220.050.17
    Long-nosed barbelMuscle0.060.192.350.020.2038.900.050.080.030.05Omnivores
    Gill0.357.3319.800.140.4872.960.113.270.011.07
    Stomach0.296.10177.570.234.0099.740.519.200.251.36
    Liver0.031.88266.470.236.9147.820.064.660.050.64
    Korean sharpbellyMuscle0.100.182.170.010.2330.660.290.010.250.04Carnivores
    Gill0.267.7444.860.100.5726.400.750.020.031.51
    Stomach0.062.1393.090.032.5317.760.960.490.080.28
    Liver0.021.2099.130.029.6920.880.660.100.110.19
    AverageMuscle0.070.203.920.030.3120.080.160.020.220.06
    Gill0.414.3847.890.180.5739.090.170.490.060.53
    Stomach0.162.4363.300.103.7685.380.351.790.130.34
    Liver0.052.81238.660.087.7541.470.392.270.200.38

    Table 3 . Average concentration for each part of whole fish.

    Part of fishCr (mg/kg)Mn (mg/kg)Fe (mg/kg)Ni (mg/kg)Cu (mg/kg)Zn (mg/kg)As (mg/kg)Cd (mg/kg)Hg (mg/kg)Pb (mg/kg)
    Muscle0.070.203.920.030.3120.080.160.020.220.06
    Gill0.414.3847.890.180.5739.090.170.490.060.53
    Stomach0.162.4363.300.103.7685.380.351.790.130.34
    Liver0.052.81238.660.087.7541.470.392.270.200.38

    Table 4 . Average concentration for each part of omnivores and carnivores fish.

    Diet typePart of fishCr (mg/kg)Mn (mg/kg)Fe (mg/kg)Ni (mg/kg)Cu (mg/kg)Zn (mg/kg)As (mg/kg)Cd (mg/kg)Hg (mg/kg)Pb (mg/kg)
    OmnivoresMuscle0.070.203.920.030.3120.080.160.020.220.06
    Gill0.414.3847.890.180.5739.090.170.490.060.53
    Stomach0.162.4363.300.103.7685.380.351.790.130.34
    Liver0.052.81238.660.087.7541.470.392.270.200.38
    CarnivoresMuscle0.070.203.920.030.3120.080.160.020.220.06
    Gill0.414.3847.890.180.5739.090.170.490.060.53
    Stomach0.162.4363.300.103.7685.380.351.790.130.34
    Liver0.052.81238.660.087.7541.470.392.270.200.38

    KSEEG
    Jun 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.3, pp. 281~352

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