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Econ. Environ. Geol. 2021; 54(5): 581-594

Published online October 31, 2021

https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2021.54.5.581

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Aggregate of Korea in 2020

Sei Sun Hong, Jin Young Lee*

Geologic Research Center, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea

Received: October 9, 2021; Revised: October 23, 2021; Accepted: October 24, 2021

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In 2020, about 132 million m3 of aggregate was produced in Korea. Of the total domestic aggregates produced in 2020, about 33.3 % was sand and about 66.7% was gravel. It estimated that of the 132 million m3 of aggregates in Korea in 2020, about 52% was produced by screening crushed aggregate, by 36% by forest aggregate, 3% by land aggregate, 5.6% by sea aggregate and 2.5% by washing each other, and 0.4% by river aggregate. This indicates that screening crushed aggregate and forest aggregate are the main producers of domestic aggregates. Leading producing metropolitan cities were Gyeonggi-do, Gyeongsangnam-do, Chungcheongbukdo, Gangwon-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Incheon in order decreasing volume, which together accounted for about 72.4% of total product. In 2020, aggregates were produced in 153 cities, about 67% of the 231 cities of Korea, 38 local governments have developed aggregates of more than 1 million m3, and the combined production of the 38 cities accounted for about 65% of national total. This means that the aggregate extraction trend of local governments is becoming larger and more concentrated. In 2020, at 153 local governments, a total of 889 operations produced aggregates with 420 operations by permission, 469 operations by declaration. A review of production by size of operation indicated that about 17 million m3 (12.8% of the total aggregate) was produced by 14 operations reporting production of more than 1 million m3. In about 420 operations, the maximum period of permit is 32 years to at least 2 months. When the remaining period of permit is taken into account, only about 55% of active operations can be developed the aggregate after 2021. In order to maintain the permitted aggregate volume by 2020 level, it will be necessary to obtain an extension permit or find new operation sites for at least 200 or more operations.

Keywords aggregate, sand, gravel, aggregate source, local government

2020년도 국내 골재 수급 분석

홍세선 · 이진영*

한국지질자원연구원 지질연구센터

요 약

2020년에 국내 골재 총 채취량은 약 1억3,150만 ㎥ 이며, 이 중 모래는 약 4,386만 ㎥(33.3%), 자갈은 약 8,749만 ㎥(66.7%) 채취되었으며, 허가채취는 약 5,858만 ㎥(45%), 신고채취는 약 7,277만 ㎥(55%)이다. 골재원별로 보면 하천골재 약 50만 ㎥, 육상 골재 약 380만 ㎥, 산림골재 약 4,680만㎥, 바다골재 약 740만㎥, 선별파쇄 약 6,827만㎥, 선별세척 약 331만㎥, 그리고 기타신고골재가 약 110만㎥로 선별파쇄골재와 산림골재가 전체 채취량의 약 88% 차지하고 있다. 경기도가 광역시도에서는 골재를 가장 많이 채취하였으며, 그 다음으로 경상남도, 충청북도, 강원도 충청남도, 인천광역시의 순이다. 2020년에는 231개 시군구의 약 67%인 153개 시군구에서 골재를 채취하였으며, 38개 시군구에서 100만 ㎥ 이상의 골재를 채취하였으며, 채취량은 전국 채취량의 65%인 약 8,567만 ㎥이다. 2020년도에는 약 1040여개소의 채취장이 운영되었으나 실제 골재를 채취한 채취장은 약 889개 채취장으로 선별파쇄장이 약 415개소로 가장 많으며, 산림골재, 육상골재장은 200개소 내외이다. 100만 ㎥ 이상을 채취한 채취장은 14개 채취장이며, 1만 ㎥ 이하의 소규모 채취장도 약 126개소이다. 약 420여개의 허가채취장에서 허가기간은 최장 32년에서 최소 2개월이며, 허가 잔여기간을 보면 2021년 이후 채취가능한 채취장이 약 55% 이며, 2020년 수준의 허가 골재채취물량을 유지하기 위해서는 최소한 200여개 이상의 채취장에 대해 허가연장, 신규허가가 필요할 것이다.

주요어 2019년 골재채취실적, 산림골재, 선별파쇄골재, 육상골재, 하천골재

Article

Research Paper

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2021; 54(5): 581-594

Published online October 31, 2021 https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2021.54.5.581

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Aggregate of Korea in 2020

Sei Sun Hong, Jin Young Lee*

Geologic Research Center, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea

Received: October 9, 2021; Revised: October 23, 2021; Accepted: October 24, 2021

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In 2020, about 132 million m3 of aggregate was produced in Korea. Of the total domestic aggregates produced in 2020, about 33.3 % was sand and about 66.7% was gravel. It estimated that of the 132 million m3 of aggregates in Korea in 2020, about 52% was produced by screening crushed aggregate, by 36% by forest aggregate, 3% by land aggregate, 5.6% by sea aggregate and 2.5% by washing each other, and 0.4% by river aggregate. This indicates that screening crushed aggregate and forest aggregate are the main producers of domestic aggregates. Leading producing metropolitan cities were Gyeonggi-do, Gyeongsangnam-do, Chungcheongbukdo, Gangwon-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Incheon in order decreasing volume, which together accounted for about 72.4% of total product. In 2020, aggregates were produced in 153 cities, about 67% of the 231 cities of Korea, 38 local governments have developed aggregates of more than 1 million m3, and the combined production of the 38 cities accounted for about 65% of national total. This means that the aggregate extraction trend of local governments is becoming larger and more concentrated. In 2020, at 153 local governments, a total of 889 operations produced aggregates with 420 operations by permission, 469 operations by declaration. A review of production by size of operation indicated that about 17 million m3 (12.8% of the total aggregate) was produced by 14 operations reporting production of more than 1 million m3. In about 420 operations, the maximum period of permit is 32 years to at least 2 months. When the remaining period of permit is taken into account, only about 55% of active operations can be developed the aggregate after 2021. In order to maintain the permitted aggregate volume by 2020 level, it will be necessary to obtain an extension permit or find new operation sites for at least 200 or more operations.

Keywords aggregate, sand, gravel, aggregate source, local government

2020년도 국내 골재 수급 분석

홍세선 · 이진영*

한국지질자원연구원 지질연구센터

Received: October 9, 2021; Revised: October 23, 2021; Accepted: October 24, 2021

요 약

2020년에 국내 골재 총 채취량은 약 1억3,150만 ㎥ 이며, 이 중 모래는 약 4,386만 ㎥(33.3%), 자갈은 약 8,749만 ㎥(66.7%) 채취되었으며, 허가채취는 약 5,858만 ㎥(45%), 신고채취는 약 7,277만 ㎥(55%)이다. 골재원별로 보면 하천골재 약 50만 ㎥, 육상 골재 약 380만 ㎥, 산림골재 약 4,680만㎥, 바다골재 약 740만㎥, 선별파쇄 약 6,827만㎥, 선별세척 약 331만㎥, 그리고 기타신고골재가 약 110만㎥로 선별파쇄골재와 산림골재가 전체 채취량의 약 88% 차지하고 있다. 경기도가 광역시도에서는 골재를 가장 많이 채취하였으며, 그 다음으로 경상남도, 충청북도, 강원도 충청남도, 인천광역시의 순이다. 2020년에는 231개 시군구의 약 67%인 153개 시군구에서 골재를 채취하였으며, 38개 시군구에서 100만 ㎥ 이상의 골재를 채취하였으며, 채취량은 전국 채취량의 65%인 약 8,567만 ㎥이다. 2020년도에는 약 1040여개소의 채취장이 운영되었으나 실제 골재를 채취한 채취장은 약 889개 채취장으로 선별파쇄장이 약 415개소로 가장 많으며, 산림골재, 육상골재장은 200개소 내외이다. 100만 ㎥ 이상을 채취한 채취장은 14개 채취장이며, 1만 ㎥ 이하의 소규모 채취장도 약 126개소이다. 약 420여개의 허가채취장에서 허가기간은 최장 32년에서 최소 2개월이며, 허가 잔여기간을 보면 2021년 이후 채취가능한 채취장이 약 55% 이며, 2020년 수준의 허가 골재채취물량을 유지하기 위해서는 최소한 200여개 이상의 채취장에 대해 허가연장, 신규허가가 필요할 것이다.

주요어 2019년 골재채취실적, 산림골재, 선별파쇄골재, 육상골재, 하천골재

    Fig 1.

    Figure 1.The aggregate production in Korea. (A) production rate of permission and declaration, (B) sand and gravel.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2021; 54: 581-594https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2021.54.5.581

    Fig 2.

    Figure 2.The aggregate production in Korea, by type and source of aggregate. (A) by sources, (B) production rate of gravel by sources, (C) production rate of sand by sources.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2021; 54: 581-594https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2021.54.5.581

    Fig 3.

    Figure 3.The distribution map of domestic aggregate by local government. (unit : thousand ㎥) (A) river aggregate, (B) land aggregate, (C) forest aggregate, (D) crushed aggregate, (E) washing aggregate, (F) sand, (G) gravel, (H) total aggregate.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2021; 54: 581-594https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2021.54.5.581

    Fig 4.

    Figure 4.The distribution map of the active operations of aggregates in Korea, 2020.
    Economic and Environmental Geology 2021; 54: 581-594https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2021.54.5.581

    Table 1 . The aggregate production in Korea in 2020, by provinces, by aggregate sources (unit : ten thousand m3).

    permissiondeclarationtotal
    riverlandforestmarineriverlandforestmarinecrushedwashing
    Seoul0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
    Incheon0.00.0678.06,012.00.00.00.00.03,414.2507.010,611.2
    Gyeonggi-do0.00.04,840.90.00.00.00.00.033,351.9484.338,677.1
    Gangwon-do31.01,239.46,080.40.00.00.057.00.04,048.50.011,456.3
    Chungcheongbuk-do0.0318.35,623.90.00.08.0161.00.05,567.90.011,679.1
    Daejeon0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.029.00.029.0
    Sejong0.00.0241.00.00.00.00.00.01,307.60.01,548.6
    Chungcheongnam-do0.0220.95,645.4106.00.00.00.00.04,177.4528.010,677.7
    Jeollabuk-do0.0677.54,592.40.00.00.00.00.01,750.90.07,020.8
    Gwangju0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
    Jeollanam-do0.0316.95,993.80.00.00.0115.0140.01,955.9191.08,712.6
    Daegu0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0336.20.0336.2
    Gyeongsangbuk-do356.0937.54,024.20.00.00.00.00.02,440.90.07,758.6
    Busan0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.04,905.7616.05,521.7
    Ulsan0.00.01,433.60.00.00.0350.10.0566.7177.72,528.1
    Gyeongsangnam-do111.014.66,884.90.00.00.00.0267.24,090.4648.412,016.5
    Jeju-do0.0131.3777.00.00.00.00.00.0428.9142.31,479.5
    EEZ0.00.00.01,294.00.00.00.00.00.00.01,294.0
    total498.03,856.446,815.57,412.00.08.0683.1407.268,372.13,294.7131,347.0

    Table 2 . The number of aggregate sources in Korea in 2020, by local governments.

    No. of local governmentsTotal ExtractionPermissionDeclarationSandGravelRiverLandForestMarineCrushedWashingOthers
    Seoul(25)000000000000
    Incheon(10)625560011520
    Daejeon(5)101010000100
    Gwangju(5)000000000000
    Daegu(8)404140000400
    Busan(16)606350000520
    Ulsan(5)313230010321
    Sejong(1)111110010100
    Gyeonggi-do(31)22421182100402120
    Gangwon-do(18)151112111518601201
    Chungcheongnam-do(15)1412912120591810
    Chungcheongbuk-do(11)1068790360802
    Jeollabuk-do(14)1088790280800
    Jeollanam-do(22)191610111507130822
    Gyeongsangbuk-do(23)21201217172111401200
    Gyeongsangnam-do(18)1813141218111201442
    Jeju-do(2)222220220220
    Sum15296116109138439772112178

    Table 3 . Rank of local governments produced aggregate in Korea, 2020.

    RiverLandForestMarineCrushedWashingSandGravelProduction of Aggregate
    1GumiGoseong (Gangwon)GimhaeOngjin (Incheon)HwaseongSeosanOngjin (Incheon)HwaseongHwaseong
    2HapcheonGochangWonjuSouth EEZYonginSeo-gu (Incheon)CheongjuPajuOngjin (Incheon)
    3UiseongChungjuPajuWest EEZGwangjuSaha-gu (Busan)PocheonGangseo-gu (Busan)Paju
    4PyeongchangHampyeongGongjuTaeanPocheonChangwonYonginWonjuCheongju
    5GangreungYeoncheonGangseo-gu (Busan)PyeongtakHoengseongGwangjuPocheon
    6YecheonCheongjuPajuNam-gu (Busan)YangjuCheongjuYongin
    7GumiChungjuNamyangjuGoheungGimhaePocheonGwangju
    8CheonanJincheonCheongjuSacheonHwaseongUlju (Ulsan)Gimhae
    9NamwonGunsanGoyangUlju (Ulsan)PajuGimhaeWonju
    10SangjuChuncheonYangjuJejuGongjuChungjuGangseo-gu (Busan)
    11AndongUlju (Ulsan)EumseongTongyeongNamyangjuJincheonNamyangju
    12GyeongjuHoengseongYesanNam-gu (Ulsan)GwangjuAsanJincheon
    13JejuNajuAsanGeojeSouthEEZGunsanUlju (Ulsan)
    14WonjuHongseongSeo-gu (Incheon)GimpoYeojuSeo-gu (Incheon)Chungju
    15GimcheonHwasunSejongJung-gu (Incheon)GoseongYeoncehonYeoncheon
    16CheongjuSancheongUijeongbuSeoguipoIcheonNamyangjuGoyang
    17YeongjuSeosanGijang-gun (Busan)GwangyangGijang-gun (Busan)GoyangYangju
    18InjePocheonGimpoGoyangNajuGongju
    19HaenamJangseongDonghaeYeoncehonYesanSeo-gu (Incheon)
    20YesanNamwonYangsanChangwonHongseongAsan

    Table 4 . The active operations by aggregate source and by provinces in Korea, 2020.

    aggregate sourcepermissiondeclarationTotal
    ProvinceRiverLandForestMarineLandForestMarineCrushedWashing
    Seoul
    Incheon11512735
    Gyeonggi-do81252135
    Gangwon-do75314135110
    Chungcheongbuk-do1521114987
    Daejeon11
    Sejong189
    Chungcheongnam-do721330162
    Jeollabuk-do15242261
    Gwangju
    Jeollanam-do12271115460
    Daegu99
    Gyeongsangbuk-do2583233125
    Busan16319
    Ulsan6219220
    Gyeongsangnam-do12312431594
    Jeju-do51081033
    EEZ of South Sea1313
    EEZ of West Sea1616
    Total101671964715441544889

    Table 5 . Aggregate production in Korea in 2020, by aggregate source and size of operation.

    size range (thousand m3)riverLandForestMarineCrushedWashingsandgravelAggregate
    number of operationsquantitiesnumber of operationsquantitiesnumber of operationsquantitiesnumber of operationsquantitiesnumber of operationsquantitiesnumber of operationsquantitiesnumber of operationsquantitiesnumber of operationsquantitiesnumber of operationsquantities
    ≤10731.060356.8726.7321.138190.81065.9101582.047219.8126700.3
    10~≤2000.050793.87106.4686.431489.17106.1781,232.038569.91011,581.8
    20~≤4000.033905.921622.210281.3511,467.78212.4762,076.6631,915.01253,548.6
    40~≤6000.09428.38437.66313.9442,199.14182.5462,307.9412,115.7733,669.0
    60~≤80168.06424.0171,209.55372.4342,428.72123.4322,248.6493,512.4654,626.0
    80~≤10000.05443.0141,261.2182.8252,230.92166.0272,394.9232,086.5474,183.9
    100~≤2001111.04504.3517,318.25846.19113,465.05639.7639,035.611216,130.416023,189.3
    200~≤3001288.000.0245,872.42485.0399,864.34928.8327,996.86114,967.07117,655.1
    300~≤40000.000.0124,143.031,081.0217,359.900.0124,138.23813,203.03712,900.9
    400~≤50000.000.062,655.11411.0125,406.81421.952,179.9135,599.6208,894.8
    500~≤60000.000.063,198.721,026.0116,043.71528.084,263.273,860.72010,796.4
    600~≤70000.000.063,944.100.053,151.700.000.095,938.0117,095.8
    700~≤80000.000.043,061.021,486.042,993.400.032,281.053,820.8107,540.4
    800~≤90000.000.054,296.000.000.000.01865.843,426.254,296.0
    900~≤1,00000.000.032,879.51919.000.000.01919.021,919.943,798.5
    1,000~≤1,50000.000.055,895.200.077,777.600.011,229.266,682.41213,672.8
    1,500~≤2,00000.000.000.000.023,197.400.000.011,629.023,197.4
    >2,00000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.0
    total10498.01673,856.119646,926.8477,412.041568,266.1443,374.748643,750.751987,596.3889131,347.0

    Table 6 . The number of operation of aggregate by permitted period, and remaining period from 2021.

    permitted periodremaining period from 2021
    yearriverlandforestmarinesumriverlandforestmarinesum
    ≤18634169169363108
    1~≤26446916401571
    2~≤412815155854146
    4~≤610221647361652
    6~≤8219221313
    8~≤101636456
    10~≤153030
    15~≤202727
    20~≤2588
    25~≤3033
    >3011
    10`167196474209017134296

    KSEEG
    Jun 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.3, pp. 281~352

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