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Review of China’s National Earthquake Governance and Role-Sharing
중국 국가 지진 거버넌스 및 역할분담 고찰
Econ. Environ. Geol. 2021 Feb;54(1):127-36
Published online February 28, 2021;  https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2021.54.1.127
Copyright © 2021 the Korean society of economic and environmental gelology.

Seong-Yong Kim*
김성용*

Geo-Strategy Research Center, Korea Institute Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), Daejeon 34132, Korea
한국지질자원연구원 미래전략연구센터
Received December 16, 2020; Revised February 9, 2021; Accepted February 9, 2021.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
This study was carried out to understand China’s earthquake governance and role-sharing, and to strategically use it for research cooperation in related fields with China. The characteristics of China's national earthquake governance and role-sharing are detailed in this study. First, unlike Korea, China’s geoscience and earthquake research fields are separate, and are clearly distinguished from other fields of science and technology. They hold a higher status compared to other fields in China. Second, China’s provincial earthquake agencies simultaneously carry out related tasks under the dual supervisory management system of the central and provincial governments. Third, the China Earthquake Administration (CEA) has the authority to do research and development, manpower training, and degree conferment, which are centered on directly affiliated institutions. Fourth, China carries out similar functions in directly affiliated institutions of the CEA and the China Geological Survey (CGS), and affiliated institutions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), respectively. Fifth, the CEA is continuously expanding the seismic observation network that connects the vast land of the country. Sixth, China is considered to have detailed structures of earthquake-related laws and regulations. Given China's earthquake governance and role-sharing, it is considered that the possibility of success in research cooperation is high if Korea first determines whether it is under the jurisdiction of the CGS, CEA, and CAS, depending on the specific field.
Keywords : Earthquake, governance, China Earthquake Administration(CEA), China Geological Survey(CGS), Chinese Academy of Science(CAS)

 

February 2021, 54 (1)