Review Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2015; 48(1): 89-101

Published online February 28, 2015

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Global Trends of Sciences Information on the Sour Gas

Jin Dong Cho*

KISTI ReSEAT Program

Correspondence to : jdcho@reseat.re.kr

Received: December 30, 2014; Revised: February 23, 2015; Accepted: February 23, 2015

Abstract

The sour gas is natural gas containing components such as hydrogen sulphide and carbon dioxide that form acids when mixed with water. Element sulfur precipitates from sour gas when reservoir pressure and temperature decrease. According to the International Energy Agency, about 43% of the world’s natural gas reserves(2,580 tcf or 73.057 tcm), excluding North America, are sour. The sour gas is often derived from the Germanic word ‘sauer or acidic’ and the etymology referred to as ‘sour’. Sour gas requires special handling and infrastructure because it contains significant amounts of hydrogen sulphide, making it highly corrosive, flammable and explosive, and there fore more costly and dangerous to process. So the business of sour gas is affected by two important factors: the economic value of the gas, and the methods used in its production. According to be analyzed in the academic literature to sour gas(2000~2014) by the program of ‘web of science’, the research activities 145 papers in sour gas.

Keywords sour gas, hydrogen sulphide, carbon dioxide, methane gas, economical value

Article

Review Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2015; 48(1): 89-101

Published online February 28, 2015

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Global Trends of Sciences Information on the Sour Gas

Jin Dong Cho*

KISTI ReSEAT Program

Correspondence to:jdcho@reseat.re.kr

Received: December 30, 2014; Revised: February 23, 2015; Accepted: February 23, 2015

Abstract

The sour gas is natural gas containing components such as hydrogen sulphide and carbon dioxide that form acids when mixed with water. Element sulfur precipitates from sour gas when reservoir pressure and temperature decrease. According to the International Energy Agency, about 43% of the world’s natural gas reserves(2,580 tcf or 73.057 tcm), excluding North America, are sour. The sour gas is often derived from the Germanic word ‘sauer or acidic’ and the etymology referred to as ‘sour’. Sour gas requires special handling and infrastructure because it contains significant amounts of hydrogen sulphide, making it highly corrosive, flammable and explosive, and there fore more costly and dangerous to process. So the business of sour gas is affected by two important factors: the economic value of the gas, and the methods used in its production. According to be analyzed in the academic literature to sour gas(2000~2014) by the program of ‘web of science’, the research activities 145 papers in sour gas.

Keywords sour gas, hydrogen sulphide, carbon dioxide, methane gas, economical value

    KSEEG
    Jun 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.3, pp. 281~352

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