Econ. Environ. Geol. 2004; 37(1): 121-131

Published online February 28, 2004

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Remediation Design Using Soil Washing and Soil Improvement Method for As Contaminated Soils and Stream Deposits Around an Abandoned Mine

Minhee Lee1*, Jungsan Lee1, Jongchul Cha1, Jungchan Choi1 and Jungmin Lee2

1Department of Environmental Geosciences, Pukyong National University, Pusan 608-737, Korea
2Dam Environmental Department, Korea Water Resources Corporation, Daejeon 306-711, Korea

Correspondence to :

Minhee Lee

heelee@pknu.ac.kr

Received: November 19, 2003; Accepted: February 14, 2003

Abstract

Removal efficiencies of soil washing and soil improvement processes to remediate farmland soils and stream deposits around Goro abandoned mine were investigated with batch and column experiments. For As-contaminated farmland soils around Goro mine, batch tests to quantify As extraction rate from contaminated soils and lime treated contaminated soils were performed. The contaminated soil mixed with lime decreased As extraction rate less than one fourth, suggesting that the soil improvement method mixed with lime dramatically decrease As extraction rate. A storage dam will be constructed in the lower part of the main stream connected to Goro abandoned mine and the amount of As extracted from the bottom soils of reservoir could be the main source to contaminate water of reservoir. The decrease of As extraction amount from the bottom in reservoir, caused by the application of the soil improvement method was investigated from the physically simulated column experiment and results showed that As extraction rate decreased to one forty when 1% lime mixed soil improvement was applied to contaminated soils. For contaminated stream deposits connected Goro mine, the removal efficiency of the soil washing method was investigated with batch experiments. Hydrochloric acid, citric acid, acetic acid and distilled water were used as soil washing solution and 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 N of washing solution were applied to extract As. When washing with 0.05 N of hydrochloric acid or citric acid, more than 99.9% of As was removed from stream deposits, suggesting that As
contaminated stream deposits around Goro mine be successfully remediated with the soil washing process. Total volumes of contaminated soils and deposits needed for remediation were calculated based on three different remediation target concentrations and the operation cost of soil washing for calculated soil volumes was estimated. Results from this research could be directly used to make a comprehensive countermeasure to remediate contaminated area around Goro mine and also many contaminated areas similar to this research area.

Keywords arsenic, soil washing, soil improvement, abandoned mine, soil remediation

Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2004; 37(1): 121-131

Published online February 28, 2004

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Remediation Design Using Soil Washing and Soil Improvement Method for As Contaminated Soils and Stream Deposits Around an Abandoned Mine

Minhee Lee1*, Jungsan Lee1, Jongchul Cha1, Jungchan Choi1 and Jungmin Lee2

1Department of Environmental Geosciences, Pukyong National University, Pusan 608-737, Korea
2Dam Environmental Department, Korea Water Resources Corporation, Daejeon 306-711, Korea

Correspondence to:

Minhee Lee

heelee@pknu.ac.kr

Received: November 19, 2003; Accepted: February 14, 2003

Abstract

Removal efficiencies of soil washing and soil improvement processes to remediate farmland soils and stream deposits around Goro abandoned mine were investigated with batch and column experiments. For As-contaminated farmland soils around Goro mine, batch tests to quantify As extraction rate from contaminated soils and lime treated contaminated soils were performed. The contaminated soil mixed with lime decreased As extraction rate less than one fourth, suggesting that the soil improvement method mixed with lime dramatically decrease As extraction rate. A storage dam will be constructed in the lower part of the main stream connected to Goro abandoned mine and the amount of As extracted from the bottom soils of reservoir could be the main source to contaminate water of reservoir. The decrease of As extraction amount from the bottom in reservoir, caused by the application of the soil improvement method was investigated from the physically simulated column experiment and results showed that As extraction rate decreased to one forty when 1% lime mixed soil improvement was applied to contaminated soils. For contaminated stream deposits connected Goro mine, the removal efficiency of the soil washing method was investigated with batch experiments. Hydrochloric acid, citric acid, acetic acid and distilled water were used as soil washing solution and 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 N of washing solution were applied to extract As. When washing with 0.05 N of hydrochloric acid or citric acid, more than 99.9% of As was removed from stream deposits, suggesting that As
contaminated stream deposits around Goro mine be successfully remediated with the soil washing process. Total volumes of contaminated soils and deposits needed for remediation were calculated based on three different remediation target concentrations and the operation cost of soil washing for calculated soil volumes was estimated. Results from this research could be directly used to make a comprehensive countermeasure to remediate contaminated area around Goro mine and also many contaminated areas similar to this research area.

Keywords arsenic, soil washing, soil improvement, abandoned mine, soil remediation

    KSEEG
    Jun 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.3, pp. 281~352

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