Review Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2015; 48(3): 261-271

Published online June 30, 2015

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Bioassessment of Heavy Metals, Nanoparticles, and Soils Contaminated with Metals using Various Bioassays

In Chul Kong1*, Yu Tal Shi1, Min Kyung Lee1 and Il Mo Kang2

1Department of Environmental Engineerting, Yeungnam University
2Mineral Resources Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience & Mineral Resources (KIGAM)

Received: June 23, 2015; Revised: July 1, 2015; Accepted: July 1, 2015

Abstract

Toxicity results of metals, nanoparticles (NPs), and soils contaminated with metals were introduced on this review. Following methods were used: seed germination, bioluminescence, enzyme activity, and mutation. In general, different sensitivities were observed, depending on types of bioassays and pollutants. Among tested seeds, sensitivities of Lactucus and Raphanus were greater than others. Of single metal exposure, effect by As(III) was greater than others, and high revertant mutation ratio (5.1) was observed at 1 mg/L arsenite, indicating high mutagenicity. No general pattern was observed on the effect of metal mixture, but synergistic effect was observed with seeds. In case of soils, no correlation was observed between total metal contents and toxicity. Toxicity of NPs was observed as follows: CuO > ZnO > NiO > TiO2, Fe2O3, Co3O4. Especially, no considerable effects were observed by TiO2, Fe2O3, and Co3O4 under tested concentration (max. 1,000 mg/L). The evaluation results of interactive toxic effects using various bioassays may comprise a useful tool for the bioassessment of various environmental pollutants.

Keywords bioassay, bioluminescence, mutation, seed germination

Article

Review Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2015; 48(3): 261-271

Published online June 30, 2015

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Bioassessment of Heavy Metals, Nanoparticles, and Soils Contaminated with Metals using Various Bioassays

In Chul Kong1*, Yu Tal Shi1, Min Kyung Lee1 and Il Mo Kang2

1Department of Environmental Engineerting, Yeungnam University
2Mineral Resources Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience & Mineral Resources (KIGAM)

Received: June 23, 2015; Revised: July 1, 2015; Accepted: July 1, 2015

Abstract

Toxicity results of metals, nanoparticles (NPs), and soils contaminated with metals were introduced on this review. Following methods were used: seed germination, bioluminescence, enzyme activity, and mutation. In general, different sensitivities were observed, depending on types of bioassays and pollutants. Among tested seeds, sensitivities of Lactucus and Raphanus were greater than others. Of single metal exposure, effect by As(III) was greater than others, and high revertant mutation ratio (5.1) was observed at 1 mg/L arsenite, indicating high mutagenicity. No general pattern was observed on the effect of metal mixture, but synergistic effect was observed with seeds. In case of soils, no correlation was observed between total metal contents and toxicity. Toxicity of NPs was observed as follows: CuO > ZnO > NiO > TiO2, Fe2O3, Co3O4. Especially, no considerable effects were observed by TiO2, Fe2O3, and Co3O4 under tested concentration (max. 1,000 mg/L). The evaluation results of interactive toxic effects using various bioassays may comprise a useful tool for the bioassessment of various environmental pollutants.

Keywords bioassay, bioluminescence, mutation, seed germination

    KSEEG
    Apr 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.2, pp. 107~280

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