Econ. Environ. Geol. 2003; 36(5): 339-347

Published online October 31, 2003

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Study on the Possibility of Seawater Intrusion in the Ulsan Area Using Br : Cl Weight Ratios of Groundwater

Byong-Wook Cho*, Byeong-Dae Lee, Uk-Yun and Hyun-Chul Im

Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 305-350, Korea

Correspondence to :

Byong-Wook Cho

cbw@kigam.re.kr

Received: August 4, 2003; Accepted: October 19, 2003

Abstract

Using 171 groundwater chemistry data, seawater intrusion in the Ulsan area was studied. The area near the downstream area of the Taehwa River shows the higher Cl concentrations(11,300 mg/L in maximum), whereas the Cl concentrations are generally low in the eastern coastal area maybe due to the geology of the area. When Cl concentrations are very low, groundwater shows Br :Cl weight ratios significantly deviating from the Br :Cl ratio of seawater(34.7×10?4). However, Br:Cl ratios are very close to the value of seawater when Cl concentrations are higher than 100 mg/L. Eleven groundwater samples having very high Cl concentrations(>500 mg/L) show that ionic ratios for Ca, Mg, SO4, HCO3 and SiO2 are considerably different from those of seawater. This indicates that the origin of the high Cl groundwaters occurring along the Taehwa River are likely to be the residual salines from the salterns previously located on the alluviums rather than the seawaters intruded recently. These waters seem to be accumulated in the sediments before the drastic
expansion of the city. Considering the characteristics of the urban groundwater system where the inflow exceeds the outflow, it is anticipated that the high Cl concentration in the groundwater show a decreasing trend in the future.

Keywords groundwater, seawater intrusion, Br, Cl, concentration

Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2003; 36(5): 339-347

Published online October 31, 2003

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Study on the Possibility of Seawater Intrusion in the Ulsan Area Using Br : Cl Weight Ratios of Groundwater

Byong-Wook Cho*, Byeong-Dae Lee, Uk-Yun and Hyun-Chul Im

Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 305-350, Korea

Correspondence to:

Byong-Wook Cho

cbw@kigam.re.kr

Received: August 4, 2003; Accepted: October 19, 2003

Abstract

Using 171 groundwater chemistry data, seawater intrusion in the Ulsan area was studied. The area near the downstream area of the Taehwa River shows the higher Cl concentrations(11,300 mg/L in maximum), whereas the Cl concentrations are generally low in the eastern coastal area maybe due to the geology of the area. When Cl concentrations are very low, groundwater shows Br :Cl weight ratios significantly deviating from the Br :Cl ratio of seawater(34.7×10?4). However, Br:Cl ratios are very close to the value of seawater when Cl concentrations are higher than 100 mg/L. Eleven groundwater samples having very high Cl concentrations(>500 mg/L) show that ionic ratios for Ca, Mg, SO4, HCO3 and SiO2 are considerably different from those of seawater. This indicates that the origin of the high Cl groundwaters occurring along the Taehwa River are likely to be the residual salines from the salterns previously located on the alluviums rather than the seawaters intruded recently. These waters seem to be accumulated in the sediments before the drastic
expansion of the city. Considering the characteristics of the urban groundwater system where the inflow exceeds the outflow, it is anticipated that the high Cl concentration in the groundwater show a decreasing trend in the future.

Keywords groundwater, seawater intrusion, Br, Cl, concentration

    KSEEG
    Apr 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.2, pp. 107~280

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