Econ. Environ. Geol. 2006; 39(6): 699-710

Published online December 31, 2006

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Study of Solidification by Using Portland and MSG(micro silica grouting) Cements for Metal Mine Tailing Treatment

Jihye Jeon1, Insu Kim1, Minhee Lee1* and Yunyoung Jang2

1Department of Environmental Geosciences, Pukyong National University, 599-1 Daeyondong, Namgu, Pusan, Republic of Korea, 608-737
2Department of Environmental Engineering, Kwangwoon University, Republic of Korea, 306-711

Correspondence to :

Minhee Lee

heelee@pknu.ac.kr

Received: June 7, 2006; Accepted: November 7, 2006

Abstract

Batch scale experiments to investigate the efficiency of the solidification process for metal mine tailing treatment were performed. Portland and MSG (micro silica grouting) cements were used as solidifier and three kinds of mine tailings (located at Gishi, Daeryang, and Aujeon mine) were mixed with cements to paste solidified matrices. Single axis compressible strengths of solidified matrices were measured and their heavy metal extraction ratios were calculated to investigate the solidification efficiency of solidified matrices created in experiments. Solidified matrices (5cm×5cm×5cm) were molded from the paste of tailing and cements at various conditions such as different tailing/cement ratio, cement/water ratio, and different cement or tailing types. Compressible strengths of solidified matrices after 7, 14, and 28 day cementation were measured and their strengths ranged from 1 to 2 kgf/mm2, which were higher than Korean limit of compressible strength for the inside wall of the isolated landfill facility (0.21 kgf/mm2). Heavy metal extractions from intact tailings and powdered matrices by using the weak acidic solution were performed. As concentration of extraction solution for the powdered solidified matrix (Portland cement + Gishi tailing at 1:1 w.t. ratio) decreased down to 9.7 mg/L, which was one fifth of As extraction concentration for intact Gishi tailings. Pb extraction concentration of the solidified matrix also decreased to lower than one fourth of intact tailing extraction concentration. Heavy metal extraction batch experiments by using various pH conditions of solution were also performed to investigate the solidification efficiency reducing heavy metal extraction rate from the solidified matrix. With pH 1 and 13 of solution, Zn and Pb concentration of solution were over the groundwater tolerance limit, but at pH 3~11 of solution, heavy metal concentrations dramatically decreased and were lower than the groundwater tolerance limit. While the solidified matrix was immerged into very acidic or basic solution (pH 1 and 13), pH of solution changed to 9~10 because of the buffering effect of the matrix. It was suggested that the continuous extraction of heavy metals from the solidified matrix is limited even in the extremely high or low pH of contact water. Results of experiments suggested that the solidification process by using Portland and MSG cements has a great possibility to treat heavy metal contaminated mine tailing.

Keywords cementation, mine tailing, cement, solidification, solidified matrix

Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2006; 39(6): 699-710

Published online December 31, 2006

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Study of Solidification by Using Portland and MSG(micro silica grouting) Cements for Metal Mine Tailing Treatment

Jihye Jeon1, Insu Kim1, Minhee Lee1* and Yunyoung Jang2

1Department of Environmental Geosciences, Pukyong National University, 599-1 Daeyondong, Namgu, Pusan, Republic of Korea, 608-737
2Department of Environmental Engineering, Kwangwoon University, Republic of Korea, 306-711

Correspondence to:

Minhee Lee

heelee@pknu.ac.kr

Received: June 7, 2006; Accepted: November 7, 2006

Abstract

Batch scale experiments to investigate the efficiency of the solidification process for metal mine tailing treatment were performed. Portland and MSG (micro silica grouting) cements were used as solidifier and three kinds of mine tailings (located at Gishi, Daeryang, and Aujeon mine) were mixed with cements to paste solidified matrices. Single axis compressible strengths of solidified matrices were measured and their heavy metal extraction ratios were calculated to investigate the solidification efficiency of solidified matrices created in experiments. Solidified matrices (5cm×5cm×5cm) were molded from the paste of tailing and cements at various conditions such as different tailing/cement ratio, cement/water ratio, and different cement or tailing types. Compressible strengths of solidified matrices after 7, 14, and 28 day cementation were measured and their strengths ranged from 1 to 2 kgf/mm2, which were higher than Korean limit of compressible strength for the inside wall of the isolated landfill facility (0.21 kgf/mm2). Heavy metal extractions from intact tailings and powdered matrices by using the weak acidic solution were performed. As concentration of extraction solution for the powdered solidified matrix (Portland cement + Gishi tailing at 1:1 w.t. ratio) decreased down to 9.7 mg/L, which was one fifth of As extraction concentration for intact Gishi tailings. Pb extraction concentration of the solidified matrix also decreased to lower than one fourth of intact tailing extraction concentration. Heavy metal extraction batch experiments by using various pH conditions of solution were also performed to investigate the solidification efficiency reducing heavy metal extraction rate from the solidified matrix. With pH 1 and 13 of solution, Zn and Pb concentration of solution were over the groundwater tolerance limit, but at pH 3~11 of solution, heavy metal concentrations dramatically decreased and were lower than the groundwater tolerance limit. While the solidified matrix was immerged into very acidic or basic solution (pH 1 and 13), pH of solution changed to 9~10 because of the buffering effect of the matrix. It was suggested that the continuous extraction of heavy metals from the solidified matrix is limited even in the extremely high or low pH of contact water. Results of experiments suggested that the solidification process by using Portland and MSG cements has a great possibility to treat heavy metal contaminated mine tailing.

Keywords cementation, mine tailing, cement, solidification, solidified matrix

    KSEEG
    Apr 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.2, pp. 107~280

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