Econ. Environ. Geol. 2013; 46(6): 534-544

Published online December 31, 2013

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Influence of Sulfate on the Early Hydration in the Solidification of Lime-tailings

Hyun-Cheol Lee, Kyoung-Won Min* and Hwan-Geun Yoo

Department of Energy & Resources Engineering, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 200-701, Korea

Correspondence to : kwmin@kangwon.ac.kr

Received: October 28, 2013; Revised: November 30, 2013; Accepted: December 15, 2013

Abstract

Influence of sulfate on the early hydration in the solidification treatment of abandoned mine tailings was characterized. Solidified specimens using hydrated lime as a binder were prepared with various amounts of added Na2SO4 and different curing days. Unconfined compressive strength measurement, heavy metal leaching test, XRD analysis were performed after 7-, 14- and 28-days curing. According to curing days strength of solidified specimens using only distilled water increased but those with addition of Na2SO4 decreased. External cracks of specimens developed definitely with increasing Na2SO4 concentration and curing days. Concentrations of Cu, Cd, Zn, and As in the leached solutions from solidified specimens decreased significantly but Pb was leached readily in cases of hydrated lime dosage more than 10 wt%. Gypsum and MgSO4 were identified in the cracked solidified specimens by XRD analysis, and pillar-shaped crystals of SEM image were identified as gypsum in reference with EDS analysis. Crystallization of sulfate in the process of lime-tailing solidification caused cracking, which should be supplemented for solidification treatment of highly sulfur-contained tailing.

Keywords sulfate, tailing, lime, solidification, hydration

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Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2013; 46(6): 534-544

Published online December 31, 2013

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Influence of Sulfate on the Early Hydration in the Solidification of Lime-tailings

Hyun-Cheol Lee, Kyoung-Won Min* and Hwan-Geun Yoo

Department of Energy & Resources Engineering, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 200-701, Korea

Correspondence to:kwmin@kangwon.ac.kr

Received: October 28, 2013; Revised: November 30, 2013; Accepted: December 15, 2013

Abstract

Influence of sulfate on the early hydration in the solidification treatment of abandoned mine tailings was characterized. Solidified specimens using hydrated lime as a binder were prepared with various amounts of added Na2SO4 and different curing days. Unconfined compressive strength measurement, heavy metal leaching test, XRD analysis were performed after 7-, 14- and 28-days curing. According to curing days strength of solidified specimens using only distilled water increased but those with addition of Na2SO4 decreased. External cracks of specimens developed definitely with increasing Na2SO4 concentration and curing days. Concentrations of Cu, Cd, Zn, and As in the leached solutions from solidified specimens decreased significantly but Pb was leached readily in cases of hydrated lime dosage more than 10 wt%. Gypsum and MgSO4 were identified in the cracked solidified specimens by XRD analysis, and pillar-shaped crystals of SEM image were identified as gypsum in reference with EDS analysis. Crystallization of sulfate in the process of lime-tailing solidification caused cracking, which should be supplemented for solidification treatment of highly sulfur-contained tailing.

Keywords sulfate, tailing, lime, solidification, hydration

Received: October 28, 2013; Revised: November 30, 2013; Accepted: December 15, 2013

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    KSEEG
    Apr 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.2, pp. 107~280

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