Econ. Environ. Geol. 2013; 46(6): 509-520

Published online December 31, 2013

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

A Study on Removal of Heavy Metals (Cu, Zn, and Pb) from Contaminated Soil by Soil Washing

Myoung-Jin Kim*

Department of Convergence Study on the Ocean Science and Technology, Ocean Science and Technology School, Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University

Correspondence to : kimmj@kmou.ac.kr

Received: October 16, 2013; Revised: November 21, 2013; Accepted: December 15, 2013

Abstract

In this study, heavy metals are removed by soil washing from soils contaminated with Cu, Zn, and Pb, whose maximum concentrations are up to 3350, 1220, and 2240 mg/kg, respectively. Through various soil washing experiments, the optimum conditions, including type and concentration of washing reagent, washing time, mixing ratio of soil and washing reagent, and stirring speed, are derived for effective removal of the heavy metals. It is found that the most effective washing reagent and its concentration are hydrochloric acid and 50 mM, respectively. The most suitable washing time is 30 minutes and the optimal mixing ratio of soil and washing reagent is 1:30 (g/mL). The removal efficiency, on the other hand, is not affected by stirring speed. The removal efficiencies of the heavy metals decrease when washing reagent is reused. Furthermore, the heavy metals are readsorbed onto soil in case of consecutive reuse of washing reagent.

Keywords soil washing, Cu, Zn, Pb, HCl

Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2013; 46(6): 509-520

Published online December 31, 2013

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

A Study on Removal of Heavy Metals (Cu, Zn, and Pb) from Contaminated Soil by Soil Washing

Myoung-Jin Kim*

Department of Convergence Study on the Ocean Science and Technology, Ocean Science and Technology School, Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University

Correspondence to:kimmj@kmou.ac.kr

Received: October 16, 2013; Revised: November 21, 2013; Accepted: December 15, 2013

Abstract

In this study, heavy metals are removed by soil washing from soils contaminated with Cu, Zn, and Pb, whose maximum concentrations are up to 3350, 1220, and 2240 mg/kg, respectively. Through various soil washing experiments, the optimum conditions, including type and concentration of washing reagent, washing time, mixing ratio of soil and washing reagent, and stirring speed, are derived for effective removal of the heavy metals. It is found that the most effective washing reagent and its concentration are hydrochloric acid and 50 mM, respectively. The most suitable washing time is 30 minutes and the optimal mixing ratio of soil and washing reagent is 1:30 (g/mL). The removal efficiency, on the other hand, is not affected by stirring speed. The removal efficiencies of the heavy metals decrease when washing reagent is reused. Furthermore, the heavy metals are readsorbed onto soil in case of consecutive reuse of washing reagent.

Keywords soil washing, Cu, Zn, Pb, HCl

    KSEEG
    Jun 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.3, pp. 281~352

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