Econ. Environ. Geol. 2010; 43(6): 625-636

Published online December 31, 2010

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

A Study on the Geophysical Characteristics and Geological Structure of the Northeastern Part of the Ulleung Basin in the East Sea

Chang Hwan Kim1* and Chan Hong Park2

1Dokdo research center, East Sea Research Insititute, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute, Uljin, Korea
2East Sea Research Insititute, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute, Uljin, Korea

Correspondence to :

Chang Hwan Kim

kimch@kordi.re.kr

Received: September 27, 2010; Accepted: December 14, 2010

Abstract

The geophysical characteristics and geological structure of the northeastern part of the Ulleung Basin were investigated from interpretation of geophysical data including gravity, magnetic, bathymetry data, and seismic data. Relative correction was applied to reduce errors between sets of gravity and magnetic data, obtained at different times and by different equipments. The northeastern margin of the Ulleung Basin is characterized by complicated morphology consisting of volcanic islands (Ulleungdo and Dokdo), the Dokdo seamounts, and a deep pathway (Korea Gap) with the maximum depth of -2500 m. Free-air anomalies generally reflect the topography effect. There are high anomalies over the volcanic islands and the Dokdo seamounts. Except local anomalous zones of volcanic edifices,
the gradual increasing of the Bouguer anomalies from the Oki Bank toward the Ulleung Basin and the Korea Gap is related to higher mantle level and denser crust in the central of the Ulleung Basin. Complicated magnetic anomalies in the study area occur over volcanic islands and seamounts. The power spectrum analysis of the Bouguer anomalies indicates that the depth to the averaged Moho discontinuity is -16.1 km. The inversion of the Bouguer anomaly shows that the Moho depth under the Korea Gap is about -16~-17 km and the Moho depths towards the Oki Bank and the northwestern part of Ulleung Island are gradually deeper. The inversion result suggests that the crust of the Ulleung Basin is thicker than normal oceanic crusts. The result of 2D gravity modeling is in good agreement with the results of the power spectrum analysis and the inversion of the Bouguer anomaly. Except the volcanic edifices, the main pattern of magnetization distribution shows lineation in NE-SW. The inversion results, the 2D gravity modeling, and the magnetization distribution support possible NE-SW spreading of the Ulleung Basin proposed by other papers.

Keywords Ulleung Basin, gravity, magnetic, Moho depth, 2D gravity modeling, magnetization distribution, spreading center

Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2010; 43(6): 625-636

Published online December 31, 2010

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

A Study on the Geophysical Characteristics and Geological Structure of the Northeastern Part of the Ulleung Basin in the East Sea

Chang Hwan Kim1* and Chan Hong Park2

1Dokdo research center, East Sea Research Insititute, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute, Uljin, Korea
2East Sea Research Insititute, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute, Uljin, Korea

Correspondence to:

Chang Hwan Kim

kimch@kordi.re.kr

Received: September 27, 2010; Accepted: December 14, 2010

Abstract

The geophysical characteristics and geological structure of the northeastern part of the Ulleung Basin were investigated from interpretation of geophysical data including gravity, magnetic, bathymetry data, and seismic data. Relative correction was applied to reduce errors between sets of gravity and magnetic data, obtained at different times and by different equipments. The northeastern margin of the Ulleung Basin is characterized by complicated morphology consisting of volcanic islands (Ulleungdo and Dokdo), the Dokdo seamounts, and a deep pathway (Korea Gap) with the maximum depth of -2500 m. Free-air anomalies generally reflect the topography effect. There are high anomalies over the volcanic islands and the Dokdo seamounts. Except local anomalous zones of volcanic edifices,
the gradual increasing of the Bouguer anomalies from the Oki Bank toward the Ulleung Basin and the Korea Gap is related to higher mantle level and denser crust in the central of the Ulleung Basin. Complicated magnetic anomalies in the study area occur over volcanic islands and seamounts. The power spectrum analysis of the Bouguer anomalies indicates that the depth to the averaged Moho discontinuity is -16.1 km. The inversion of the Bouguer anomaly shows that the Moho depth under the Korea Gap is about -16~-17 km and the Moho depths towards the Oki Bank and the northwestern part of Ulleung Island are gradually deeper. The inversion result suggests that the crust of the Ulleung Basin is thicker than normal oceanic crusts. The result of 2D gravity modeling is in good agreement with the results of the power spectrum analysis and the inversion of the Bouguer anomaly. Except the volcanic edifices, the main pattern of magnetization distribution shows lineation in NE-SW. The inversion results, the 2D gravity modeling, and the magnetization distribution support possible NE-SW spreading of the Ulleung Basin proposed by other papers.

Keywords Ulleung Basin, gravity, magnetic, Moho depth, 2D gravity modeling, magnetization distribution, spreading center

    KSEEG
    Apr 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.2, pp. 107~280

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