Review Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2018; 51(3): 291-307

Published online June 30, 2018

https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2018.51.3.291

© THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Analysis of Mineral Resource Exploration and Strategy in Australia

Seong-Yong Kim1 and Chul-Ho Heo2,3*

1Geoscience and Technology Research Department, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
2Mineral Resources Development Research Center, Mineral Resources Research Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
3Department of Mineral and Groundwater Resources, University of Science and Technology(UST)

Correspondence to : chheo@kigam.re.kr

Received: June 12, 2018; Accepted: July 2, 2018

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Australia is the world’s top gold, nickel, iron ore, lead, zinc and uranium, and is ranked in the top five in many other important minerals. Extension to existing resources will continue to support well-established local production. There are perceptions by some that Australia is a mature exploration destination where the easily won near-surface deposits were largely discovered many decades ago. In recent years, Australia faces increasing global competition for investment spending in all jurisdictions in which mineral exploration is encouraged. Many regional communities face the threat of losing their main economic driver as a number of long-term mines are reaching the end of their economic life. However, given the trend of increasing mineral demand due to the 4th industrial revolution, it is considered that Korea is also an opportunity to acquire global competitiveness of geoscience and mining technology by smart and digital mining, and by ICT-convergence technology R&D.

Keywords Australia, mineral exploration, deposits, global competition, ICT-convergence technology

호주 광물자원탐사와 전략분석

김성용1 ·허철호2,3*

1한국지질자원연구원 미래정책연구부, 2한국지질자원연구원 광물자원연구본부 자원탐사개발연구센터, 3과학기술연합대학원대학교 광물·지하수자원학과

요 약

호주는 금, 니켈, 철광석, 연, 아연 및 우라늄 매장량이 세계 1위를 차지하고 있으며, 다른 많은 주요광물 매장량에서도 세계 5위권이다. 호주의 현재 개발 중인 대부분의 광상은 수십년전에 발견이 용이했던 지표 천부에 배태된 광상이다. 최근 호주는 광물자원탐사에 대한 투자의 국제경쟁이 치열해지고 있으며, 많은 지역에서 그간 운영되었던 광산의 채산성이 악화되어, 지역경제를 견인할 주체를 상실하는 어려움에 직면하고 있다. 그러나 4차산업혁명에 따른 광물수요증가 추세를 감안할 때, 우리나라도 자원부국에서 스마트/디지털 광산개발 및 ICT 융합에 의한 탐사기술개발 확보로 자원기술 경쟁력을 갖출 기회라고 여겨진다.

주요어 호주, 광물탐사, 광상, 글로벌 경쟁력, ICT 융합기술

Article

Review Article

Econ. Environ. Geol. 2018; 51(3): 291-307

Published online June 30, 2018 https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2018.51.3.291

Copyright © THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY.

Analysis of Mineral Resource Exploration and Strategy in Australia

Seong-Yong Kim1 and Chul-Ho Heo2,3*

1Geoscience and Technology Research Department, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
2Mineral Resources Development Research Center, Mineral Resources Research Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
3Department of Mineral and Groundwater Resources, University of Science and Technology(UST)

Correspondence to:chheo@kigam.re.kr

Received: June 12, 2018; Accepted: July 2, 2018

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Australia is the world’s top gold, nickel, iron ore, lead, zinc and uranium, and is ranked in the top five in many other important minerals. Extension to existing resources will continue to support well-established local production. There are perceptions by some that Australia is a mature exploration destination where the easily won near-surface deposits were largely discovered many decades ago. In recent years, Australia faces increasing global competition for investment spending in all jurisdictions in which mineral exploration is encouraged. Many regional communities face the threat of losing their main economic driver as a number of long-term mines are reaching the end of their economic life. However, given the trend of increasing mineral demand due to the 4th industrial revolution, it is considered that Korea is also an opportunity to acquire global competitiveness of geoscience and mining technology by smart and digital mining, and by ICT-convergence technology R&D.

Keywords Australia, mineral exploration, deposits, global competition, ICT-convergence technology

호주 광물자원탐사와 전략분석

김성용1 ·허철호2,3*

1한국지질자원연구원 미래정책연구부, 2한국지질자원연구원 광물자원연구본부 자원탐사개발연구센터, 3과학기술연합대학원대학교 광물·지하수자원학과

Received: June 12, 2018; Accepted: July 2, 2018

요 약

호주는 금, 니켈, 철광석, 연, 아연 및 우라늄 매장량이 세계 1위를 차지하고 있으며, 다른 많은 주요광물 매장량에서도 세계 5위권이다. 호주의 현재 개발 중인 대부분의 광상은 수십년전에 발견이 용이했던 지표 천부에 배태된 광상이다. 최근 호주는 광물자원탐사에 대한 투자의 국제경쟁이 치열해지고 있으며, 많은 지역에서 그간 운영되었던 광산의 채산성이 악화되어, 지역경제를 견인할 주체를 상실하는 어려움에 직면하고 있다. 그러나 4차산업혁명에 따른 광물수요증가 추세를 감안할 때, 우리나라도 자원부국에서 스마트/디지털 광산개발 및 ICT 융합에 의한 탐사기술개발 확보로 자원기술 경쟁력을 갖출 기회라고 여겨진다.

주요어 호주, 광물탐사, 광상, 글로벌 경쟁력, ICT 융합기술

    KSEEG
    Apr 30, 2024 Vol.57 No.2, pp. 107~280

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