Economic and Environmental Geology

Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2288-7962   pISSN 1225-7281

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Review of global and domestic carbon emission calculation methods and standards

Standards Main Contents Remarks
ISO 14064-1 (2018) · Specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. · It includes requirements for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organization's GHG inventory
ISO 14064-2 (2019) · Specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions or removal enhancements. · It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs relevant to the project and baseline scenario, monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data quality.
ISO 14064-3 (2019) · Specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for those conducting or managing the validation and/or verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) assertions. · It can be applied to organizational or GHG project quantification, including GHG quantification, monitoring and reporting carried out in accordance with ISO 14064-1 or ISO 14064-2.
ISO 14067 (2018) · Carbon footprint of products — Requirements and guidelines for quantification · It specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP), in a manner consistent with International Standards on life cycle assessment (LCA) (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
GHG Protocol (2011) · The Product Life Cycle Accounting and Reporting Standard · It can be used to understand the full life cycle emissions of a product and focus efforts on the greatest GHG reduction opportunities.
IPCC (2006) · Guidelines for building inventory to assess national greenhouse gas emissions · General guidelines and reporting, energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, forestry and other land use. It provides methods and emission coefficients for calculating each greenhouse gas emission separated by waste.
RICS (2017) ·Whole life carbon assessment for the built environment ·Whole life thinking involves considering all life cycle stages of a project, from raw material extraction, product manufacturing, transport and installation on site through to the operation, maintenance and eventual material disposal (refers to EN 15978)
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (2011) · Carbon emissions calculation methods and guidelines for roads, railways and buildings · Presented GHG calculation plan step by step by dividing the life stage of the facility into design, construction, operation, dismantling and recycling phases
Econ. Environ. Geol. 2021;54:733-41 https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2021.54.6.733
© 2021 Econ. Environ. Geol.