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Desirable Suggestions for Korean Geo-technology R&D through Analysis of the Global Grand Challenges and Moonshot Projects
글로벌 과학난제 도전연구프로젝트 분석을 통한 우리나라 지질자원기술에의 바람직한 제언
Econ. Environ. Geol. 2020 Feb;53(1):111-20
Published online February 28, 2020;
Copyright © 2020 the Korean society of economic and environmental gelology.

Seong-Yong Kim1* and Changmo Sung2,3
김성용1* · 성창모2,3

1Future Geo-Technology Strategy Research Center, The Korea Institute Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)
2Policy Research Institute, The Korean Academy of Science and Technology (KAST)
3KU-KIST Graduate School of Energy and Environment (Green School), Korea University
1한국지질자원연구원 미래전략연구센터, 2한국과학기술한림원 정책연구소, 3고려대학교 KU-KIST 에너지환경대학원
Received December 30, 2019; Revised January 30, 2020; Accepted February 1, 2020.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Remarkable scientific and technological achievements are mainly shown in the ‘super-convergence’ or ‘convergence of convergence’ among cross- disciplinary fields, and advanced countries are promoting the ‘high-risk, high-return research’ ecosystem. Google LLC is carrying out numerous new challenges in terms of a non-failure perspective. Innovative research by the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has produced such breakthroughs as the Internet, GPS, semiconductors, the computer mouse, autonomous vehicles, and drones. China is pioneering a ‘Moon Village’ and planning the world’s largest nuclear fusion energy and ultra-large particle accelerator project. Japan has also launched ‘the moonshot technology development research system’ to promote disruptive innovation. In Korea, the government is preparing a new research program to tackle the global scientific challenges. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the reasonable geoscientific challenges to be addressed and to conduct a preliminary study on these topics. For this purpose, it is necessary to conduct long-term creative research projects centered on young researchers, select outstanding principal investigators, extract innovative topics without prior research or reference, simplify research proposal procedures, innovate the selection solely based on key ideas, and evaluate results by collective intelligence in the form of conferences.
Keywords : scientific challenges, geoscientific, super-convergence, DARPA, moonshot


April 2020, 53 (2)