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Prospects for Worldwide CBM(Coalbed Methane) Development
Econ. Environ. Geol. 2015 Feb;48(1):65-75
Published online February 28, 2015
Copyright © 2015 Economic and Environmental Geology.

Young-In Kim*

ReSEAT Program, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information(KISTI), Daejeon 305-806, Korea
Received January 20, 2015; Revised February 22, 2015; Accepted February 23, 2015.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
The CBM(Coalbed Methane) development technology being developed in mid 1980s is the technology to produce the methane gas absorbed in the coal bed. CBM is easy to be developed and its coal deposit is abundant. Therefore, the CBM industry has a large potential as an energy source as well as to deal with the global regulations for reducing greenhouse gas emission. In order to produce coal, the CBM should first be developed as a preliminary action for mine security. So CBM is advantageous in reducing the global greenhouse gas as well as its advantage not being influenced by the changes in gas market. The ECBM (Enhanced Coalbed Methane) is a new technique producing the methane gas which is substituted and disorbed from coal by injecting CO2 or N2 gas into a coal bed. Especially, CO2-ECMB is a low-carbon, green-growth technology, so can expect to the effect of green gas reduction as well as the improved productivity of methane gas. CBM technology is being developed in about 40 nations including Canada, Australia, China, India, Indonesia and Viet Nam, and the coal output using this technology is continually being increased. The CBM is expected to contribute in changing the energy source paradigm from current coal & petroleum energy to unconventional gas.
Keywords : coalbed methane, coal mine explosion, greenhouse gas, CO2-ECBM, mine security

 

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